Army Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps

Army Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps – “ROTC” takes a turn here. For the West African country, see Republic of the Congo (disambiguation). For other uses, see ROTC (disambiguation).

Newly graduated and commissioned officers from the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps (NROTC) in Hampton Roads look on as they applaud during a May 2004 spring induction ceremony.

Army Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps

The Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC (/ˈrɒtisiː/ or /ˌ ɑːr oʊtiː ˈsiː/ )) is a group of officer training programs based at colleges and universities in the United States. Armed forces

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The Western Union Building at the College of William and Mary, home of the college’s ROTC office.

While licensed ROTC officers serve in all branches of the US military, the Marine Corps, US Space Force, and US Coast Guard do not have their own ROTC programs; In contrast, graduates of the Naval ROTC program have the opportunity to serve as Marine Corps officers to fulfill the requirements of the Marine Corps.

In 2020, ROTC graduates accounted for 70% of officers in the US Army, 83% of officers in the US Marine Corps (through NROTC), 61% of U.S. Navy officers, and 63% of U.S. Navy officers, for 56 percent of all active duty personnel. the Department of Defense that year.

Under ROTC, students may receive competitive scholarships that cover all or part of college tuition, textbooks, and tuition for in exchange for active duty after graduation (or under an approved educational deferment after graduation). ). ROTC studs attd college like other students, but receives basic military training and officer training for service branches through ROTC units at or near the college. Students practice regularly during the school year and at off-campus training facilities during the summer.

Csm (r) Harry S. Ferguson, Sai

ROTC units are organized into brigades, battalions, and companies. Air Force ROTC units are columns organized into wings, groups, squadrons and flights. Army and Air Force ROTC are called cadets. Marine ROTC units are organized into battalions and include NROTC cadets under the “Marine Option” who will be commissioned as officers in the Marine Corps. Naval NROTC training programs can be developed at other companies with sufficient numbers. All Naval ROTC studs are called midshipm. Some of the summer training offered to cadets in the Army ROTC program include: Airborne, Air Assault, Mountain Warfare, WHINSEC and other related schools. In addition to mandatory Field Training (FT) at Maxwell AFB, Alabama (4 weeks for 4-year program cadets; 6 weeks for 2-year program cadets), it is acceptable to Airborne training is also available to Air Force ROTC cadets. Military training at Fort Bing, Georgia. Naval ROTC midshipm will participate in a summer excursion program each summer, both ashore and ashore, the same as their US Naval Academy midshipm counterparts.

The concept of ROTC in the United States was created by Ald Partridge and began with the Morrill Act of 1862, which established land grant universities. Part of the federal government’s requirement for these schools is to include military tactics as part of their curriculum, creating what is known as ROTC. The university where ROTC was founded is Norwich University in Northfield, Vermont. Norwich was founded in 1819 in Norwich, Vermont, as the American Literary, Scientific and Military Academy.

The college was founded by a former West Point professor, Captain Ald Partridge, who promoted the idea of ​​the “citizen soldier”: a man trained to work in the military capacity required by his country, but able to perform normal civilian jobs. in time of peace.

This idea led to the creation of reserve units and national guards, with training regimes rather than militias.

Army Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps Cadet Lt.

Another foundation of the modern ROTC program comes from the “Plattsburg Idea.” In 1915, Major General Leonard Wood established the Citizen’s Military Training Corps, the first civilian training camp for officers. It was the first time in history that an attempt was made to provide short training and to commission non-commissioned officers in one summer after military training.

In 1916, a measure to officially establish ROTC was passed in Congress by the Ohio delegation that included the president of Ohio University, William Oxley Thompson.

On February 7, 1916, Ralph D. Mershon, a graduate of Ohio State, testified before the board as a professional engineer. Willing to testify as a lawyer for the Corps of Engineers, he expanded his remarks to fight the “Ohio Plan.” Mershon said:

“…the change that will happen to a child if he is in a man outside the farm and in the university he is very depressed, and in the word ‘raised’, he is well dressed he, looks good in uniform, and earns money. himself respects and respects his colleagues, which he would not have without military training”.

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Congress agreed, and ROTC provisions were included in the final version of the National Defense Act of 1916.

More than 5,000m arrived at Plattsburgh in May 1917 for the first large training group. In 1917, more than 17,000 m had been trained. On the eve of World War I, the United States trained an officer corps under one of Plattsburgh’s first graduates, Theodore Roosevelt Jr.

The National Defense Act of 1920 expanded ROTC, and by 1928 units were established in 225 colleges and universities. Each year they commanded 6,000 second lieutenants.

By the 1930s, there were ROTC programs at the largest high schools (Memphis, TN; Charlotte, NC; Kansas City, MO; New Orleans, LA).

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Until the 1960s, many major universities required ROTC for all male students. However, due to protests that resulted in opposition to US involvement in the Vietnam War, mandatory ROTC was abandoned in favor of a volunteer program.

In some places, ROTC was removed from campus entirely, although it was always possible to participate in ROTC off campus.

XXI In the 20th century, the debate often focused on Congress’s don’t ask, don’t tell law, signed by President Bill Clinton in 1993 and in force until 2011, banning homosexuals from working in The US military will not reveal itself. there is a risk of driving out the sexual orientation. Some schools believed that this legal requirement required them to abandon or change their non-discrimination policies.

In recent years, efforts have been made to reintroduce ROTC (including Columbia) to ROTC campuses at some Ivy League universities.

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The Harvard ROTC program was reinstated on March 4, 2011 following the passage of the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Act of 2010.

The difference between a civilian college and a military or junior college is the rollmt option in ROTC. ROTC is voluntary for students attending civilian colleges and universities. However, with a few exceptions (as outlined in Army regulations and federal law) military academies and junior high school students are required.

Another major difference between military and civilian universities is that under federal law, SMC graduates are guaranteed an active duty to apply.

The Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (AROTC) program is the largest branch of ROTC, which is the largest branch of the military. There are more than 20,000 ROTC cadets in 273 ROTC programs at major universities across the United States. These schools are classified as Military College (MC), Military Junior College (MJC) and Civilian College (CC).

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Army ROTC serves most of the officer corps in the Army; the rest come from West Point, Officer Candidate School (OCS), or direct commission.

AROTC offers scholarships based on the length of the program. New high school graduates can complete the program with a four-year scholarship, while college students can leave later and receive a scholarship that will cover the rest of their university work.

Two-year scholarships are available to students with two years left in college. Applicants for two-year or four-year scholarships must meet the following requirements:

Applicants must be willing to accept a commission and serve in the military on active duty or in a Reserve Component (US Army Reserve or Army National Guard).

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The four-year scholarship is for students who receive it right out of high school or before graduating from college. The four-year scholarship can be extended under the same conditions as the 5-year scholarship if the major is engineering.

Three-year, two-and-a-half-year and two-year campus-based scholarships are available for those who have been three (or two) years out of college or university.

Applicants for campus-based scholarships must meet all AROTC administrative and academic requirements, as well as a minimum SAT score of 1000 or an ACT score of 19.

Once the prospect has expressed interest in the AROTC program, they may compete with the scholarship committee. If the prospect is a good fit, he is a Military Science Instructor in the AROTC program

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